About Sudan

The Sudan is the Afro-Arab melting pot country and the cradle of ancient civilizations. It is the land of multiple races and different environments; the land of deserts, forests, mountains and a variety of rich cultures. It is an integral part of the Arab nation and a formidable corner in Africa. Its distinct geographical position was the starting point of the first civilization, and feeling hand of the creative human activity.

The Sudan is located in the northeastern part of the African continent. The River Nile is the most prominent feature in Sudan geography; its basin constitutes a considerable ratio in the Sudan area. By virtue of its geographical location, the Sudan serves as a transit country for trade and culture between the northern and southern Africa and between Arab Peninsula and Africa, especially East and West Africa. The Sudan has currently laid the foundations of a decentralized democratic system of government, taking into account the cultural, ethnic, religious and linguistic diversity of the Sudan. It adopts a bicameral system- the National Legislature comprises of the National Assembly and the Council of States.

Sudan map

Geography Location: northern Africa, overlooking the Red Sea between Egypt and Eritrea.
Geographic coordinates: between longitudes 49.21° and 34.38°Eand latitudes 23.8° and 45.8°N.
strong>Area: 1,882,000 km2.
Land area: 1,752,187 km2.
Sea area: 129.813 km2.

Land boundaries: The total length of borders is 6.780 km. Border countries are:
- Egypt 1.273 km.
- Eritrea 636 km.
- Ethiopia 727 km.
- South Sudan 1.973km.
- Central Africa 448 km.
- Chad 1.340 km.
- Libya 383 km.

Length of coastline: 785 km.

Climate conditions:
Desert and semi-arid desert in the far north (Northern State and States of North
Kordofan and North Darfur), semi-desert to rainy in the centre and South, and the
Mediterranean climate in the eastern areas.

The Sudan is mostly flat plains with mountain chains- the Red Sea Mountains and
Jebel Marra Mountains


  1. Highest point: Jebel Marra, 3.024 m above sea level.
  2. Lowest point: the Red Sea, 0 Sea level.

Natural resources

Minerals: oil, iron, gold, copper, chromium, zinc, mica.
Livestock: camels, sheep, goats, birds, wild animals.
Water and forests.

Weather forecast in Khartoum through 23rd November until 7th December, 2011

Rainfall is unexpected in this time of the year, temperatures range between 19,5° to 34°.